Organizacija teksta

Linking words:

My sister and I are very different, ____ we get on well together. She likes staying at home in the evening ____ watching television with parents. ____ I prefer going out with my friends. We like to go to clubs or the cinema. Sometimes we just go to a café. I have exams soon, ____ I’m not going out very much these days. My sister is six years older than me, ____ she works in a bank. She’s trying to save some money ____ she’s going to get married this year. Her fiancé’s name is Ferdinand. ____, we all call him Freddy. People say I look like my sister ____ we both have brown eyes ____ dark hair. ____, we are very different in character. She’s very quiet, ____ I’m a lot more sociable.

_____________ I went to work early to get some extra filing done. _____________ I got there, the phone started ringing. ____________ my boss walked in. ____________ he asked me to type a letter for him. ____________ he asked me to make arrangements for a client to stay in town overnight.__________ I looked at my watch, it was already 11:00.

This year’s employee award ceremony was a tremendous success. _________ award was given to Carl M. Johnson for Perfect Attendance. _________ award, for Most Dedicated Employee, went to Jennifer Rush. ______,  our president, Marko Lucas, interrupted the awards ceremony to announce that he and his wife were having a baby. When he finished, everyone stood up for a congratulatory toast. ________, _________ award was given to Holly Hunt for Most Inspiring Employee. _________, President Lucas ended the ceremony by giving everyone a bonus check for $200.

Choosing a doctor is an important decision. Here are some things you can do to make the best choice. ___________ thing is to interview the doctors you are considering. Ask questions about the practice, office hours, and how quickly he or she responds to phone calls. Pay attention to the doctor’s communication skills and how comfortable you are with him or her. __________ thing you should do is check the doctor’s credentials. One way to do this is to ask your health insurance company how they checked the doctor’s credentials before accepting him or her into their network. _________ thing you can do is to look at the environment of the doctor’s office. Be sure patients aren’t waiting too long and that the office is clean and professional. __________, spend some time talking with the receptionist. Keep in mind that this is the person you’ll come into contact with every time you call or come into the office. If he or she is pleasant and efficient, it will certainly make your overall experience better.

Sentence sequence:

Rearrange the text:

The International Dinner raised $15,000 to renovate the Berkshire Park Community Center. Three hundred and fifty people attended the dinner, which was held in the ballroom of a local hotel. Tickets were sold in advance for $50 each. The attendees left the event feeling very good about their community. The Berkshire Park Community Center was damaged in a fi re six months ago. An energetic committee of eight community members came up with the idea of the International Dinner to raise funds to repair the damages. The plan was to celebrate the diversity of the Berkshire Park Neighborhood Association by serving ethnic food that represents the various cultures in the neighborhood. The committee also organized a silent auction with prizes donated by local businesses to take place during the dinner. The committee chairperson talked to a local newspaper reporter at the dinner and stated that the goal was to raise $10,000. A follow-up letter to community members thanked everyone for the huge success of the fundraiser and outlined a schedule for the renovation.

Extract the items

There are two contrasted kinds of genius, the poetical and the philosophical; or, to speak yet more generally, the artistic and the critical. The former is distinguished by a concrete, the latter by an abstract, imagination. The former sees things synthetically, in all their natural complexity; the latter pulls things to pieces analytically and scrutinizes their relations. The former sees a tree in all its glory, where the latter sees an exogen with a pair of cotyledons. The former sees wholes, where the latter sees aggregates.

( How many types are there and does the author present these types?)  

Our company will be happy to reimburse you for college courses that enhance your job performance. Before you register for the course, you must get approval first from your immediate supervisor and then from Human Resources. If you are taking the course for credit, you must receive a C+ or better in the course. If you are not taking it for credit, you must pass the course. After you have completed the course, you must write a report explaining the content of the course and its relevance to your position. Then, you must fill out a reimbursement request. Attach a tuition payment receipt, your report, and a copy of your grades to this request and promptly submit this request to your supervisor. Once your supervisor has approved the request, you can then submit all these forms to Human Resources, and you should receive your check within two weeks. 

( There are eight separate steps an employee must take to be reimbursed for college course work. What are they?)

Aristotle asserts that there are three reasons why we choose to be friends with someone: because he is virtuous, because he has something to offer to us, or because he is pleasant. When two people are equally virtuous, Aristotle classifies their friendship as perfect. When, however, there is a disparity between the two friends’ moral fiber; or when one friend is using the other for personal gain and or pleasure alone, Aristotle claims that the friendship is imperfect. In a perfect friendship—in this example, let’s call one person friend A and the other friend B—friend A wishes friend B success for his own sake. Friend A and friend B spend time together and learn from each other, and make similar decisions. Aristotle claims, though, that a relationship of this type is merely a reflection of our relationship with ourselves. In other words, we want success for ourselves, we spend time alone with ourselves, and we make the same kinds of decisions over and over again. 

(How many types of friendship? What is the function of the last sentence?) 

Organizational strategy

There were several reasons behind our decision to move to Flemington. The first occurred about 18 months ago when Mark and I decided to start a family. We were living in a one-bedroom apartment and we knew that we wanted to move into larger quarters before we had a baby. We began to look at houses. Then, much sooner than expected, I got pregnant. Soon after that, Mark’s company announced that they were relocating to Flemington, which was in a less expensive part of the state, about 90 miles south of us. Mark’s company had been good to him, and they were one of the few around with excellent benefits, family friendly policies, and a child-care center on site. With a baby on the way, the sethings were imperative for us. Since I ran my graphic arts business from home, I wasn’t bound to any particular place, so we began looking at real estate in Flemington and also did some research on their school system as well as the overall community. We were very excited about what we found—reasonable housing costs, great schools, and a lively town. Mark then accepted the relocation offer and we found a beautiful old Tudor house. We’ll be moving about a month before the baby is due. Let’s hope she doesn’t decide to come early.

There are several changes in the procedure for employees who wish to apply for vacant positions within the company. These changes make it much easier for in-house employees to fill vacancies that occur. First, the most important difference is that employees will now be notified of all available positions before the positions are advertised for the general public. Accordingly, all in - house candidates will be interviewed before we see any outside candidates, and we will offer the job to outside candidates only if no current employees are able to fill the position. Second, under the new procedure, in - house employees can be hired even if they don’t meet all job requirements. Under our old policy, in - house employee shad to meet all job qualifications in order to obtain the vacant position. Now, however, employees who have proven themselves dedicated to the company will be hired for a vacant position even if they are lacking some minor qualifications; training will be provided. A third change involves recommendations. From now on, employees do not need to be recommended for an in - house position before they apply. Instead, employees may apply as soon as they are aware of the vacancy. The remaining procedures and policies (those regarding increase in pay, interview procedure, and hiring approval) remain the same.

Divide the text into paragraphs

Stuart Gibbs was a 33-year-old history teacher at the high school in Mathews, Virginia. He asked his 11th-grade students to write reports on Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World. This is a novel that depicts a world in which people are without traditional moral values. The school administration warned him that he would be fired if he went ahead with this assignment. He ignored the warning. Mr. Gibbs is out of a school job today. He has sued in Federal District Court for reinstatement. The principal of the high school gives no reason for the discharge except that of insubordination. The principal goes on to explain that, under the State of Virginia statute, a supervisor does not have to give a specific reason for discharging a teacher.

Charcoal is produced by burning wood slowly in a low-oxygen environment. This material, which is mainly carbon, was used for many years to heat iron ore to extract the metal. But when in 1709 Abraham Darby discovered a smelting process using coke (produced from coal) demand for charcoal collapsed. At approximately the same time the carbon dioxide level in the atmosphere began to rise. But a new use for charcoal, renamed biochar, has recently emerged. It is claimed that using biochar made from various types of plants can both improve soil quality and combat global warming. Various experiments in the United States have shown that adding burnt crop wastes to soil increases fertility and cuts the loss of vital nutrients such as nitrates. The other benefit of biochar is its ability to lock CO2 into the soil. The process of decay normally allows the carbon dioxide in plants to return to the atmosphere rapidly, but when transformed into charcoal this may be delayed for hundreds of years. In addition, soil containing biochar appears to release less methane, a gas which contributes significantly to global warming. American researchers claim that widespread use of biochar could reduce global CO2 emissions by over 10%. But other agricultural scientists are concerned about the environmental effects of growing crops especially for burning, and about the displacement of food crops that might be caused. However, the potential twin benefits of greater farm yields and reduced greenhouse gases mean that further research in this area is urgently needed.

Summarize the text:

The Commission proposes phasing in stronger CO2 emissions standards for almost all new HDVs with certified CO2 emissions, compared to 2019 levels, specifically:
45% emissions reductions from 2030; 65% emission reductions from 2035; 90% emissions reduction from 2040. To stimulate faster deployment of zero-emission buses in cities, the Commission also proposes to make all new city buses zero-emission as of 2030.

Emissions in the HDV sector have been increasing year-on-year since 2014 with the exception of 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Especially in the freight sector, emissions are increasing rapidly. This is mainly due to growing road transport demand, which is expected to keep rising in the future. In 2019, freight emissions were 44% higher than emissions from the aviation sector and 37% higher than maritime transport emissions.

Riparian vegetation [the green band of vegetation along a watercourse] can help stabilize stream banks; filter sediment from surface runoff; and provide wildlife habitat, livestock forage, and scenic value. Well-developed vegetation  also  allows  bank  soils  to  absorb  extra  water  during  spring  runoff, releasing  it  later  during  drier months, thus improving late-summer stream flows