Fill the blank spaces 


___________ waves 

create ___________ 

___________ object to another 

 __________water

cool _____________

transfer ____________. 

_________discs 

popular __________

__________culture

their ______________

_________decided

__________records

__________ music

__________result 

plastic_________

can be __________


Send ________through a single __________. 

They _________ with each other


Find the meaning of the bolded words:


At any given temperature, a solid will have lower entropy than a gas, because individual molecules in the gaseous state are moving randomly, while individual molecules in a solid are constrained in place. 

No image is produced when the candle is placed at the focal length of the lens. 

The jar’s inertia causes it to stay at rest as the paper is pulled out from under it. 

An ultraviolet photon has twice the energy of a red photon. 

She hadn't eaten all day, and by the time she got home she was ravenous. 

The movie offended many of the parents of its younger viewers by including unnecessary vulgarity in the dialogue. 

His neighbors found his magisterial manner bossy and irritating, and they stopped inviting him to backyard barbeques.

Steven is always punctual about showing up for work because he feels that tardiness is a sign of irresponsibility.

Brenda would provoke her little sister into an argument by teasing her and calling her names.

Being able to afford this luxury car will necessitate getting a better paying job.

Shakespeare, a prolific writer, entertained audiences by writing many tragic and comic plays.

I had the galling experience of sitting next to an over talkative passenger on my flight home from Paris.

It is difficult to believe that charging 20% on and outstanding credit card balance isn't usury.

Kym was indiscriminate in choosing her friends, so her parties were attended by vastly different and sometimes bizarre personalities.

The story's bitter antagonist felt such great malevolence for all of the other characters that as a result, his life was very lonely and he died alone.

With her keen eyesight, Misha spotted a trio of deer on the hillside and he reduced the speed of his car.

With a nefarious grin, the boy quickly slipped the candy into his pocket without his mother's knowledge.

She reached the apogee of her career with her fourth novel, which won the Pulitzer Prize. 

Juan's friends found him in jovial mood after he learned he would be homecoming king. 

His suit of armor made the knight invulnerable to his enemy's attack, and he was able to escape safely to his castle.

Choosing a small, fuel-efficient car is judicious purchase for a recent college graduate. 

Such a flagrant violation of school policy should be punished by nothing less than expulsion

With all of the recent negative events in her life, she felt malignant forces must be at work. 

Brian's pale Irish skin was prone to burn if he spent too much time in the sun. 

The kaleidoscopic weather patterns of the tropical island meant tourists had to carry both umbrellas and sunglasses. 

Wedding ceremonies often include the exchange of votive rings to symbolize the couple's promises to each other. 

With an nefarious grin, the boy quickly slipped the candy into his pocket without his mother's knowledge .

The authorities, fearing a subversion of their power, called for a military state in the hopes of restoring order.

After making irreverent remarks to the President, the reporter was not invited to return to the White House pressroom. 

Giulia soon discovered the source of the fetid smell in the room, a week-old tuna sandwich that one of the children had hidden in the closet.

Her maudlin display of tears at work did not impress her new boss, who felt she should try to control her emotions. 

Johan argued, "If you know about crime but don't report it, you are complicit in that crime because you allowed it to happen. 

Prince Philip had to choose; marry woman he loved and abdicate his right to the throne, or marry Lady Fiona and inherit the crown.

Classification



Collocations





Fill the gaps in the texts:


Plants are multicellular organisms and they have tissue systems that are made of various cell types that carry out specific functions. There are two types of plant tissue systems: _____ and _____ tissue. _____ tissue cells are either undifferentiated or incompletely differentiated, and they continue to divide so the plant can grow. _____ tissue consists of plant cells that have specific roles and are not dividing actively. Permanent tissue can be divided into: _____,_____ and _____ tissue. _____ tissue covers the plant and protects it from mechanical injuries, sudden temperature changes, strong light, parasites, and loss of water. _____ tissue transports water, minerals, and sugars to different parts of the plant. It is made of two specialized tissues: _____ and _____. _____ tissue transports water and nutrients from the roots to different parts of the plant. _____ tissue transports organic compounds from the site of photosynthesis to other parts of the plant. _____ tissue serves as a site for photosynthesis, provides a supporting matrix for the vascular tissue, and helps to store water and sugars.


There were people who couldn't live without slavery, and others who couldn't live____ slavery, but most people just didn't care. The pro-slavery and anti-slavery groups could not make an _____ where both sides would be satisfied. The slave system was at severe risk unless the laws of the nation_______ ownership of slaves no matter where the slave was at the moment, otherwise they would just cross into free territory and be free. New laws_____ escaped slaves to be returned to their owners, even if the slave was in an area where most of the people_____ slavery, like Chicago, which had riots when the law was enforced. The new president Lincoln was for anti-slavery and pro-slavery groups thought that he would not¬¬¬¬_____ the laws, so most of the states where slavery was legal decided to declare independence from the rest of the country.  When Lincoln tried to resupply the fort in Fort Sumter, South Carolina, troops loyal to South Carolina___ on the fort. That action set public opinion in New York City, which profited from the primary slavery crop cotton, to drop its support for the independence states and there was just enough support to send more______ to the South to bring them back into the union. The Union should have won the war easily because they had more men and resources, but they had___¬_ commanders until Lincoln picked Ulysses S. Grant, who was right man for the job. In the meantime, more and____ people from the North found out about_____ and became disgusted by slavery. Grant and the rest of the Union commanders chased the remnants of the Confederate army all over the South____ they surrendered.


From year  _ _   year scientists were   _ _ ming to new insights. In 1543, Nicolaus Copernicus created a mo_ _ _  of a heliocentric solar sys_ _ _ . Heliocentrism is the astronomical model in which the Earth _ _ _ planets revo_ _ _  around the Sun. 57 years after, Hans Lippershey invented the telescope. Th_ _  invention helps to observe distant objects _ _  their emission, absorption, or reflection of electromagnetic radiation. Galileo Galilei stood trial for scientific observation, and Isaac Newton articulated the   _ _ _ ory of gravity.  In the eighteenth century, more precisely in 1774,  Joseph Priestly discovered oxy_ _ _ , while in 1781 William Herschel  _ _ _ covered Uranus.


Confusing words: